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Ojai Meadows Preserve Birds

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Anas platyrhynchos

Male—metallic green head & neck, yellow bill, narrow white collar, chestnut breast.

Female—mottled plumage, orange bill marked with black

California Quail Compressed

California Quail

Callipepla californica

Gray & brown above, with prominent teardrop‐ shaped plume or double plume. Scaled underparts & brown sides & crown. Body color varies from grayish to brown. Male has pale forehead, black throat & chestnut patch on belly.

Great Blue Heron

Great Blue Heron

Ardea herodias

Gray‐blue; black stripe extends above eye; white fore‐ neck is streaked with black. Adult has yellowish bill.

Great Egret 3

Great Egret

Ardea alba

Large, white with heavy yellow bill, black legs & feet.

Turkey Vulture 2

Turkey Vulture

Cathartes aura

Adult has red head, white bill, brown legs. In flight, wings held upward in a shallow V

Red Tail Hawk Fl 3

Red-Tailed Hawk

Buteo jamaicensis

In flight, wings broad & fairly rounded, squared tail, upper tail is red with black terminal band, under tail is tail.

Underparts, pale with dark belly band; back pattern, spotted or speckled

American Kestrel 2

American Kestrel

Falco sparverius

Russet back & tail, double black stripes on white face.

In flight, adult shows pale underwing, male has distinc‐ tive row of white, circular spots on trailing edge of wings.


American Coot

Fulica americana

Overall blackish; outer undertail coverts white. Whitish bill has dark subterminal band; legs yellow

Killdeer Fledgling and Parent


Charadrius vociferus

Double breast bands. Reddish orange rump is visible in flight.

Band-tailed Pigeon

Band-Tailed Pigeon

Patagioenas fasciata

Purplish head & breast; dark‐tipped yellow bill, yellow legs; broad gray tail band on longish tail; narrow white band on nape.

Mourning Dove 11

Mourning Dove

Zenaida macroura

Long tail tapers to a point. Black spots on upperwing; pinkish wash below.

In flight, shows white tips on outer tail feathers.

Eurasian Collared Dove

Eurasian Collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

Slightly larger than Mourning Dove. Very pale gray‐buff; black collar.

Great Horned Owl

Great Horned Owl

Bubo virginianus

Bulky body shape; white throat; distinctive ear tufts

Anna's Hummingbird 2

Anna’s Hummingbird

Calypte anna

Adult male’s head & throat are deep rose red, ex‐ tending a short distance onto sides of neck.

Female’s throat usually shows red flecks, often forming a patch of color.

Both sexes, underparts are grayish, washed with a varying amount of green. Bill is shorter

Acorn Woodpecker 10 (1)

Acorn Woodpecker

Melanerpes formicivorus

Black chin, yellowish throat, white cheeks & fore‐ head, red cap.

Male, black bar on forecrown.

In flight, white rump & small white patches on outer wings.

Nutall's Woodpecker (2)

Nutall’s Woodpecker

Picoides nuttallii

Underparts, white with black spotting; upperparts, black; head pattern, capped, striped, unique pattern, malar or malar stripe; cap is red, gray; forehead is black; nape is red; throat is white.

In flight, notched tail

Black Phoebe 2

Black Phoebe

Sayornis nigricans

Black head, upperparts & breast; white belly & undertail coverts.

Say's Phoebe 2

Say’s Phoebe

Sayornis saya

Grayish brown above, darkest on heads, wings & tail; breast & throat pale grayish brown; belly & undertail converts tawny.

Cassin's Kingbird (2)

Cassin’s Kingbird

Tytannus vociferans

Dark brown tail; narrow buffy tips & lack of white edges on out‐ er tail feathers distinguish from Western Kingbird. Upperparts darker gray than Western, washed with olive on back; paler wings contrast with darker back. White chin contrasts with dark gray head & breast. Belly dull yellow.

Western Kingbird

Western Kingbird

Tyrannus verticalis

Black tail, with white edges on outer feathers. Upperparts ashy gray, paler than Cassin’s tinged with olive on back; dark wings contrast with paler back. Throast & breast pale gray; belly bright lemon yellow.

Scrub Jay 11

Western Scrubjay

Aphelocoma californica

Long tail; blue above; contrasting brown patch; distinct white eye brow & blue breast band.

American Crow (1)

American Crow

Corvus brachyrhynchos

Long, heavy bill, smaller than ravens. Fan‐shaped tail distinguishes all crows from ravens in flight.

Common Raven

Common Raven

Corvus corax

Long, wedge‐shaped tail in flight

Cliff Swallow 1

Cliff Swallow

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Squarish tail & buffy rump. Most have dark chestnut & blackish throat, pale forehead

Oak Titmouse 2

Oak Titmouse

Baeolophus inornatus

Grayish brown with a short crest.

Bushtit 2


Psaltriparus minimus

Very small & long tailed, gray above, paler below; Female has paler eyes, male’s eyes are darker. Coastal birds have brown crown; interior birds show brown ear patch & gray cap.

House Wren 3

House Wren

Troglodytes aedon

Primary color is brown; underparts are pale gray; upperparts, brown; back pattern, barred or band‐ ed; belly pattern, solid; crown color is tan; fore‐ head & nape, gray‐brown; throat is white.

In flight, rounded tail, tail is brown with narrow black barring.

western bluebird on fence cropped

Western Bluebird

Sialia mexicana

Male’s upperparts & throat are deep purple‐blue; breast, sides & flanks chestnut; belly & undertail coverts grayish. Most birds show some chestnut on shoulders & upper back.

Female duller, brownish gray above; breast & flanks tinged with chestnut, throat pale gray.

Mockingbird 1

Northern Mockingbird

Mimus polyglottos

In flight, white outer tail feathers & white wing patches.

European Starling 51

European Starling

Sturnus vulgaris

Adult in breeding plumage is iridescent black, w/ a yellow bill w/ blue base in male, pink in female. In fall plumage, feathers are tipped w/ white & buff, giving a speckled appearance; bill brownish. In flight, note short, square tail, stocky body & short, broad‐based, pointed wings that appear pale gray from below.


Source: Wikipedia

Yellow-Rumped Warbler

Setophaga coronata

Yellow rump, yellow patch on side, yellow crown patch, white tail patches. Western birds, have yellow throat.

Source: Wikipedia

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

Adult male’s broad black mask is bordered above by gray or white, below by bright yellow throat & breast; undertail converts yellow.

Female lacks black mask; has whitish eye ring.

California Towhee (2)

California Towhee

Melozone crissalis

Brownish overall; slightly warmer brown than rest of upperparts. Buff throat is bordered by a distinct broken ring of dark brown spots. Lores are same color as throat & contrast with cheek; undertail coverts warm cinnamon

Song Sparrow 10 (2)

Song Sparrow

Melospiza melodia

All subspecies have long, rounded tail, pumped in flight. All show broad grayish eye brow & broad, dark malar stripe bordering whitish throat. Upperparts are usually streaked. Under‐ parts whitish, with streaking on sides & breast that often converges in a central spot.

White Crowned Sparrow 4

White Crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia leucophrys

Black & white striped crown; pink, orange or yellowish bill; whitish throat; underparts mostly gray.

Dark-eyed Junco 5

Dark-Eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis

Variable. Most subspecies with gray or brown head & breast.

In flight, white outer tail feathers

Western Meadowlark

Western Meadowlark

Sturnella neglecta

Black V‐shaped breast band on yellow under‐ parts but in spring & summer yellow extends well into the submoustachial area, especially in males; yellow often veiled in fall.

Red-winged Blackbird

Red-Winged Blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus

Glossy black male has red shoulder patches broadly tipped with buffy yellow.

Females are dark brown above, heavily streaked below; sometimes show a red tinge on wing cov‐ erts or pinkish wash on chin & throat.

Brewer's Blackbird

Brewer’s Blackbird

Euphagus cyanocephalus

Male has yellow eyes. Black overall with purplish gloss on head & neck, greenish gloss on body & wings.

Female’s eyes are usually brown.

Great-tailed Grackle (1)

Great-Tailed Grackle

Quiscalus mexicanus

A large grackle with very long, keel‐shaped tail & golden yellow eyes. Adult male is iridescent black with purple sheen on head, back & under‐ parts. Adult female’s upperparts are brown; un‐ derparts cinnamon‐buff on breast to grayish brown on belly; shows less iridescence than male.

Brown-headed Cowbird (4)

Brown-Headed Cowbird

Molothrus ater

Male’s brown head contrasts with metallic green‐black body.

Female is gray‐brown above, paler below.

House finch mal

House Finch

Carpodacus mexicanus

Male has brown cap; front of head, bib, & rump are typically red but can vary to orange or occasionally yellow. Bib is clearly set off from streaked underparts. Tail is squarish.

Adult female are streaked with brown overall.

American Goldfinch 8

American Goldfinch

Spinus tristis

Breeding adult male is bright yellow w/ black cap; black wings have white bars, yellow shoulder patch; tail is black & white. Female is duller overall, olive above; lacks black cap & yellow shoulder patch. White undertail cov‐ erts distinguish female from Lesser Goldfinches. Winter adults are either brownish or grayish above; bill darker. Male may show some black on forehead.

Lesser Goldfinch (5)

Lesser Goldfinch

Spinus psaltria

Smaller than American Goldfinch. All birds have a white wing patch at base of primaries. Entire crown black on adult male; back varies from black in eastern part of range to greenish in western birds. Most adult females are dull yellow below.